Education is predominantly based on the principle of equal access to education for all citizens of the Czech republic or for citizens of other member states of the European Union, without any discrimination on the basis of race, skin colour, gender, language, faith and religion, nationality, ethnic or social background, property, family background and health, or any other standings of the citizen.
National curricula so called Framework Educational Programmes) define the general obligatory framework for creating school curricula (School Educational Programmes) for all fields of study in preschool, basic education, art, language and secondary education. Framework Educational Programmes were incorporated into the education system of the Czech Republic by law No. 561/2004 Coll. on Preschool, Basic, Secondary, Tertiary Professional and Other Education (the School Act). This law has been amended in 2015 by the Decree No. 82/2015.
Inclusion of children, pupils and students into the mainstream education is one of the key priorities of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.
Adult education begins after completing a level of education, in particular after the individuals enter the labour market for the first time. The individuals can gain during the adult education various knowledge, skills and competences necessary for their successful professional, civil and personal life.
It is important that school leavers entering the labour market receive already during the educational process training that enhances their employability. The school leavers should be able to adapt flexibly to new conditions, to respond to new tendencies and trends, and should be prepared to develop their potential and take adult training. However, this requires well-working connections between the world of education and the world of work allowing the school system to respond to the changing requirements and needs of the labour market. At the same time, it is important that the communication between the two worlds works well and effectively.
NÚV focuses mainly on pedagogical-psychological counselling, diagnostic and interventional instruments and is also involved in the development of conceptual and analytical studies.
In the area of primary prevention, the activities of NÚV focus on the cooperation, coordination and organisation of regularly held meetings of methodists of prevention, who work in pedagogic-psychological counselling centres and regional school prevention coordinators, further on the research activities in the area of school prevention and educational activities within the continuing education of pedagogical staff. Further area of activities is represented by working groups focusing on specific issues and by the certification of primary prevention programmes.