Development of Education

  Education is predominantly based on the principle of equal access to education for all citizens of the Czech republic or for citizens of other member states of the European Union, without any discrimination on the basis of race, skin colour, gender, language, faith and religion, nationality, ethnic or social background, property, family background and health, or any other standings of the citizen.

The general objectives of education – as stated in the Education Act (Act No. 82/2015 Coll.) – are foremost:

            a) the development of personal character, where the person will be equipped with proper learning and social manners, along with moral and spiritual values for both private and civic life, as well as for their job and work activities, while being able to access new information in the process of life-long learning,

            b) gaining a general, or both general and vocational education,

            c) understanding and upholding the basic tenets of democracy and of the rule of law, basic human rights and freedoms, as well as exercising responsibility and a sense of civic solidarity,

            d) understanding and upholding the principals of gender equality in society,

            e) fostering a sense of national and federal belonging, while respecting the ethnic, national, cultural, linguistic, and religious identities of all people,

            f) recognition of the cultural values and traditions existing throughout the world and in Europe, understanding and upholding the principles and rules of European integration, and implementing these norms when striving towards peaceful cohabitation on both a national and international scale,

            g) acquiring and using the knowledge pertaining to the natural environment and to the means of its protection centered around the need for sustainable development, safety, and protection of health.

New national curricula (so called Framework Educational Programmes) were developed for each field of basic and secondary education, and for preschool, basic art and basic language education.

The Framework Educational Programmes define the mandatory content, scope and conditions for education. They are binding for the development of school curricula, enable evaluation of results of the children's and students' education, development and evaluation of textbooks and other educational texts and the development of a budget which must be dispensed with in accordance with § 160 to 162 of the Education Act (Act No. 82/2015 Coll.).

Education in a specific school or educational facility is based on the school curricula.

Tertiary technical education in every field of study and at all tertiary technical schools follows the accredited educational program in accordance with § 104 to 106 of the Education Act.

The government will establish, after due deliberation with relevant union institutions, employers' organizations and regional governing bodies the framework of the educational fields in basic, secondary and technical tertiary education and will define the necessary health requirements expected of the applicant.